• Date April 27, 2018
  • Optomterist Abdullah Al-Amin
  • Opticians Westwood Opticians
  • Categories Eye Examination

Your eye test explained

A comprehensive eye examination is an important part of maintaining good eye health and ensuring that you are seeing your best. During a comprehensive eye exam, an optometrist will check your vision, assess your overall eye health, and prescribe any necessary eyewear or medication.

The eye examination typically begins with a series of tests to determine your visual acuity, or how clearly you can see. This may involve reading letters on a chart, looking at pictures, or identifying colors. The optometrist may also use a machine called a autorefractor to determine your spectacle or contact lens prescription.

How often should you have an eye test?

It’s recommended that adults have a comprehensive eye examination every two to four years, depending on their age and overall health. Children and teenagers should have their eyes examined at least once between the ages of six and 18. If you have a family history of eye disease, or if you have certain medical conditions, you may need more frequent eye exams.

If you’re due for a comprehensive eye exam, or if you’re experiencing any vision problems or eye symptoms, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with an optometrist near you. Taking care of your eyes is an important part of maintaining good overall health, and a comprehensive eye exam can help ensure that your vision is at its best.

Important Parts of Eye Test

The optometrist will assess the health of your eyes by examining the front and back of your eyes using special instruments. This may include dilating your pupils to get a better view of the inside of your eyes. The optometrist may also check your eye muscles, test your peripheral vision, and evaluate your eye coordination and movement.

It’s important to have a comprehensive eye examination even if you don’t have any vision problems or eye symptoms. Some eye conditions, such as glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration, do not have noticeable symptoms in the early stages. By catching these conditions early, you can take steps to protect your vision and preserve your eye health.

autorefractor test
slit lamp examination

What happens at an eye test?

During an eye test, an optometrist will start with asking you about your general health and your vision history. They will also ask about any vision problems you have been experiencing, such as difficulty reading or seeing at night.

Next, the optometrist will conduct a series of tests to evaluate your eyesight and check for any vision problems or eye diseases. These tests may include:

  1. Visual acuity test: This measures how well you can see at different distances. You will be asked to read from a chart or look at an eye chart on the wall.
  2. Refraction test: This test determines the right spectacle or contact lens prescription for you. The optometrist will ask you to look through a device called a phoropter, which has a series of lenses of different strengths.
  3. Eye muscle test: This test checks the muscles that control your eye movement and alignment. The optometrist will ask you to follow a moving object or focus on a stationary object while they observe your eyes.
  4. Pupil test: The optometrist will shine a light into your eyes to check the size of your pupils and how they react to light.
  5. Glaucoma test: This test checks for increased pressure in the eye, which can be a sign of glaucoma. The optometrist may use a special instrument to measure the pressure inside your eye which may be automated or handheld.
  6. Retinal examination: The optometrist will use a special instrument called an ophthalmoscope to examine the back of your eye, including the retina, optic nerve, and blood vessels. Other ways to aid the internal eye health check is with digital retinal photographs taken with a retinal fundus camera or OCT for more in depth details of retinal layers of your eyes.

The optometrist will also check the overall health of your eyes and may conduct additional tests if needed.

After the tests are completed, the optometrist will discuss the results with you and recommend any necessary treatment, such as spectacles, contact lenses, or medication.

Understanding your eye test results

There are many different types of eye test results, and they can be confusing to understand. Here are some common eye test results and what they mean:

  1. Visual acuity: This is a measure of how clearly you can see. It is usually expressed as a fraction, with the top number representing the distance you are from the eye chart and the bottom number representing the size of the letters on the chart. For example, 6/6
  2. Refraction: This test measures the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct any vision problems. The results are usually expressed in terms of a lens prescription.

It is important to discuss any concerns or questions you have about your eye test results with the optometrist. They can provide more information and explain what the results mean for your vision and overall eye health.

  • Short Sighted Prescription E.g. RE -2.00DS VA: 6/5 LE -2.25DS VA: 6/5
  • Long Sighted Prescription E.g. RE +1.50 / -0.25 x 180 VA: 6/6 LE +2.00 DS VA: 6/7.5
  • Visual Acuity is expressed in snellen form which is a fraction E.g. 6/6
  • Visual Acuity is also expressed in LogMAR decimal E.g. 0.01

Our Mission

Our mission at Westwood Opticians is to provide exceptional eye care services to the community of Oldham. We strive to make every patient feel valued and respected, and to help them see their best through the use of latest technology and personalised care. Our friendly and knowledgeable staff are dedicated to ensuring that each patient’s experience with us is positive and efficient. We are committed to staying current with the latest developments in eyecare, and to continuously improving the quality of our services.